Current Affairs 10th January, 2019

PAPER – 1 and PAPER – 2

Topics Covered

1. Women Empowerment

2. Governmental Intervention in protecting g the vulnerable sections of Indian Society.

Web wonder women Campaign

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What to read?

Prelims – About the Campaign, its aim

Mains – Its Significance in bringing women into the mainstream of development

The Ministry of Women and Child Development, has launched an online campaign‘#www :  Web- WonderWomen’

Aim

  • Discover and celebrate the exceptional achievements of women, who have been driving positive agenda of social change via social media.

  • Recognize the fortitude of Indian women stalwarts from across the globe who have used the power of social media to run positive & niche campaigns to steer a change in society.

Eligibilities

  • The Campaign invites Entries via Nominations from across the world, as per the laid out criteria.

  • Indian-origin women, working or settled anywhere in the world, are eligible for nomination. The shortlisted entries will be open for public voting on Twitter and the finalists will be selected by a specialized panel of judges.

  • Nominations have been invited in a large number of categories including Health, Media, Literature, Art, Sports, Environmental protection, fashion among others.

Significance of the Campaign

Indian women have always been enterprising and have created a positive impact on society with their hard-work, experience and knowledge. Women online, though niche, are a very powerful voice.

  • This Campaign will recognize and acknowledge the efforts of these meritorious Women.

  • #www: WebWonderWomen is a campaign to specially honour and encourage such voices that have in their own capacity driven a positive impact on social media platforms.

Note – The Ministry of Women and Child Development is partnering with Breakthrough and Twitter India for this Campaign.


PAPER -2

Topics Covered

1. Governance

2. Executive Bodies

High Power Committee to decide Divestment of CBI chief’s power

Image result for Divestment of CBI chief’s power

What to read?

Prelims – CBI chief’s appointment and his relation to the High power committee

Mains – Is CBI given enough autonomy to investigate?

Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi has nominated his number two judge in the Supreme Court, Justice A.K. Sikri, to represent him in the high-power committee meeting chaired by Prime Minister to consider the question of divestment of powers of CBI Director Alok Verma.

Appointing CBI chief

Before the enactment of Lokpal,CBI chief was appointed by Centre on the basis of procedure laid down in Delhi Special Police Establishment Act,1946 but after Lokpal Chief is now appointed by the Centre on the basis of recommendation of search committe comprising of The Prime Minister, The Chief Justice of India and the Leader of Opposition.

This process of appointing ensures functional autonomy of the country’s premier investigating agency. A list of eligible IPS officers is made on the basis of seniority and experience in probe matter and is presented to the high powered committe, who then reccommends the name to be appointed as the CBI chief.

Secured tenure of CBI Director and High power Committee

  • Section 4B of the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act assures the CBI Director of a two-year tenure and makes it clear that he cannot be transferred except by the high-power committee.

  • High-power committee comprises of the Prime Minister, the Leader of the Opposition and the Chief Justice of India — that appointed the CBI Director.

Role of CVC with respect to CBI:

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  • The CVC is not an investigating agency. The only investigation carried out by the CVC is that of examining Civil Works of the Government.

  • Corruption investigations against government officials can proceed only after the government permits them. The CVC publishes a list of cases where permissions are pending, some of which may be more than a year old.

  • The Ordinance of 1998 conferred statutory status to the CVC and the powers to exercise superintendence over functioning of the Delhi Special Police Establishment, and also to review the progress of the investigations pertaining to alleged offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 conducted by them.

  • In 1998 the Government introduced the CVC Bill in the Lok Sabha in order to replace the Ordinance, though it was not successful.

  • The Bill was re-introduced in 1999 and remained with the Parliament till September 2003, when it became an Act after being duly passed in both the Houses of Parliament.

CBI issue – Background

  • Central Vigilance Commission has ordered removal of Mr. Verma.

  • CVC said that since the atmosphere within the agency had become vitiated due to a factional feud, it had to intervene.

  • It also charged Mr. Verma with not making available the records and files sought by the CVC in connection with a corruption complaint against him – an approach which it held was wilfully obstructionist.

  • CVC has power of superintendence over CBI.


PAPER – 2

Topics Covered

1. International Relations

2. International events

Raisina Dialogue 2019

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What to read?

Prelims – Raisina Dialogue

Mains – Major decisions taken during the dialogue

The 3rd Edition of Raisina Dialogue jointly organised by the Observer Research Foundation and the External Affairs Ministry was held in New Delhi .

Raisina Dialogue 2019

  • Theme : "A World Reorder: New Geometries; Fluid Partnerships; Uncertain Outcomes”. The discussions will seek to address issues arising from on-going global transitions and changes to the world order, triggered by unique leaders, innovative partnerships and new technologies.

  • The Raisina Dialogue is an annual conference held in New Delhi, envisioned to be India’s flagship conference of geopolitics and geo-economics. The conference is held jointly by Ministry of External Affairs, India and the Observer Research Foundation (ORF), an independent think tank based in India.

  • It is structured as a multi-stakeholder, cross-sectorial conclave, involving policy and decision makers, including cabinet ministers from various Governments, high-level Government officials and policy practitioners, leading personalities from business and industry etc.

  • The first edition of the conference was held in March 2016 with the theme “Asia: Regional and Global Connectivity”. It is organized on the lines of the Shangri-La Dialogue held in Singapore.

  • The second edition of Ministry of External Affairs’ annual Raisina Dialogue was held in New Delhi with the theme “The New Normal: Multilateralism in a multipolar world”.

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Major takeaways so far in Raisina Dialogue 2019

  • Firm backing of countries on Convention on International Terrorism which was propose by India in U.N in 1996.

  • Support  to International Solar Alliance to fight against Climate Change

  • The problem of resource lack in developing countries in combating climate change has been discussed .

  • India’s Connectivity with neighbourhood – India highlighted five elements with the first being rebuilding bridges with India’s immediate and extended neighbourhood.

Our revitalised Act East and Think West paradigms have further broadened the reach of our strategic and economic ‘neighbourhood’.

  • Rules based Order - India stands for a democratic and rules-based international order, in which all nations thrive as equals.

  • Sustainable development - India is building sustainable development partnerships that stretched from the Indian Ocean and Pacific Islands to the Caribbean, and from Africa to the Americas, and have expanded “both in geographical reach and sectoral coverage”.

  • Belief in partnershipIndia refers the above as partnerships  and not assistance. India’s engagement with the world is rooted in its civilisational ethos and while the prosperity of Indians, both at home and abroad, and security of our citizens are of paramount importance.

Probable Mains Question

India believes in equity and partnerships rather than assistance. How this idea is transformed into action by India in geopolitics?


PAPER – 3

Topics Covered

1. Science and Technology

Google aids in breaking Language barrier

What to read?

Prelims – Interpreter mode in Google Assistant,Google Assistant , Its applications

Interpreter Mode

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At the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) 2019 currently on in Las Vegas, Google has unveiled a new feature: the ‘interpreter mode’ in Google Assistant, its voice-based Artificial Intelligence (AI).

With this feature, one can just tell the Google Assistant “Hey Google, be my Japanese interpreter”, and it would function as one. Currently, this feature supports 27 languages, including English, Hindi, Polish, Indonesian, Swedish, Thai, German and Korean.

Google Assistance Connect

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Google also unveiled Google Assistant Connect, a platform that will enable third party device manufacturers to bring Google Assistant into their products “in an affordable and easy-to-implement way.”

Application

  • Google also confirmed that it is bringing Google Assistant to the Sonos One and Sonos Beam speakers, which will allow users to control their favourite music, podcasts, and radio stations from anywhere in their home without ever picking up the phone.

  • Later in 2019, the Assistant will be coming to more popular media and entertainment devices, including television sets from Samsung.

  • The feature would be introduced to more devices and even smartphones in the future. Meanwhile, applications such as Google Maps would also include Assistant functionality, which will make driving safer.


PAPER – 2 and PAPER - 3

Topics Covered

1. Economy

2. International Organisations

2019 – Global Economic Prospects Report

Image result for 2019 – Global Economic Prospects Report

What to read?

Prelims and Mains – The report , What it says about Indian Economy

According to the January 2019 Global Economic Prospects report released by the World Bank, India’s GDP is expected to grow at 7.3% in the fiscal year 2018-19, and 7.5% in the following two years.

About the report

  • Global Economic Prospects is a World Bank Group flagship report that examines global economic developments and prospects, with a special focus on emerging market and developing economies.

  • It is issued twice a year, in January and June. The January edition includes in-depth analyses of topical policy challenges while the June edition contains shorter analytical pieces.

  • Commodity Markets Outlook is now released as its own report by World Bank

Status of Indian economy according to the report

Image result for 2019 – Global Economic Prospects Report india

  • India’s growth outlook is still robust. India is still the fastest growing major economy.

  • In India, the growth has accelerated, driven by an upswing in consumption, and investment growth has firmed as the effects of temporary factors wane.

  • Domestic demand has strengthened as the benefits of structural reforms such as the Goods and Services Tax (GST) harmonisation and bank recapitalisation take effect.

  • Private consumption is projected to remain robust and investment growth is expected to continue as the benefits of recent policy reforms begin to materialise and credit rebounds.

  • Strong domestic demand is envisioned to widen the current account deficit to 2.6% of GDP next year. Inflation is projected to rise somewhat above the midpoint of the Reserve Bank of India’s target range of 2 to 6%, mainly owing to energy and food prices.

  • It said in India the recent introduction of the GST and steps toward demonetisation are expected to encourage a shift from the informal to the formal sector.

Status of Chinese economy Vs Indian

In 2018, the Chinese economy is estimated to have grown by 6.5% as against India’s 7.3%. In 2017, China with 6.9% growth was marginally ahead of India’s 6.7%, mainly because the slowdown in the Indian economy due to demonetisation and implementation of the Goods and Services Tax