Current Affairs, 12 April 2018

Prelims
National Company Law Appellate Tribunal
 
GS 2 Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

Google has filed an appeal at the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal against an order from India’s competition commission that found it guilty of  search bias.

Details:

            The Competition Commission of India imposed a 1.36 billion rupees fine on Google saying it was abusing its dominance in online web search and online search advertising markets.

NCLAT:

  • National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) was constituted under Section 410 of the Companies Act.
  • For  appeals against the orders of National Company Law Tribunal.
  • NCLAT is also the Appellate Tribunal for hearing appeals against the orders passed by NCLT under the recently formulated  Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code.
  • NCLAT is also the Appellate Tribunal to hear and dispose of appeals against any direction issued or decision made or order passed by the Competition Commission of India (CCI).
Composition of NCLAT:

The President of the Tribunal and the chairperson and Judicial Members of the Appellate Tribunal shall be appointed after consultation with the Chief Justice of India
The Members of the Tribunal and the Technical Members of the Appellate Tribunal shall be appointed on the recommendation of a Selection Committee consisting of:

  • Chief Justice of India.
  • A senior Judge of the Supreme Court or a Chief Justice of High Court.
  • Secretary in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
  • Secretary in the Ministry of Law and Justice.
  • Secretary in the Ministry of Finance— Member.
 
National Commission for Safai Karamcharis
 
GS 2 Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

A new website and  mobile app has been launched for the ‘National Commission for Safai Karamcharis’.
The Mobile App will assist the Commission in addressing the complaints of the affected persons.
NCSK:

  • National Commission for Safai Karamcharis is a  statutory body.
  • It  was established through National Commission for Safai Karamcharis Act, 1993.
  • Its objective is to promote and safeguard the interests of Safai Karamcharis.
  • The National Commission for Safai Karamcharis seeks to study, evaluate and monitor the implementation of various schemes for Safai Karamcharis and also to provide redressal of their grievances.
 
Project Dhoop
 
GS 2 Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector Services relating to Health, welfare schemes for the vulnerable sections.

Objective:
To address the  rising incidences of Vitamin D deficiencies specifically among the young people.
Implementation:
 FSSAI has launched this project  in association with NCERT, NDMC and North MCD Schools.
Details of  Project Dhoop:
It urges schools to shift their morning assembly to noon time  between 11am and 1pm to ensure maximum absorption of Vitamin D by the students through natural sunlight.
Significance :

  • Micronutrients including vitamins are required by our body in only very small amounts but they are most essential for the growth and development of the body.
  • Deficiency of these micronutrients can cause health and development problems among the people.
  • Children are more affected through low learning outcomes and health outcomes, which in the long term can affect the human capital formation in the country.
Ways to prevent Vitamin D deficiency:
Vitamin D deficiency occurs due to overuse of sunscreen, wearing clothes that cover most of the skin, working all day in an air-conditioned atmosphere, and by several other factors.
Consuming  fortified foods  is a simple and efficient  way to address micronutrient deficiencies . E.g.: fortified rice,wheat,bajra,common salt etc.

  FSSAI:
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has been established under Food Safety and Standards Act.
It works under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
It was created for laying down science based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption.
The Chairperson and Chief Executive Officer of Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) are appointed by Government of India.
 
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
 
GS 3 Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Technology missions.

Details:
According to revised guidelines Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana  farmers will be eligible for an assistance of Rs48,700 per hectare for a three-year period for adopting  traditional methods of cultivation.

Implementation:
Farmers practising traditional methods of organic farming like yogik farming, goumata kheti, Vedic farming, Vaishnav kheti, Ahinsa farming, Adhvoot Shivanand farming, and rishi krishi will be eligible for this scheme.
Farmers adopting standard organic farming practices like zero-budget natural farming and permaculture is also eligible.
 
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana is an important component of Soil Health Management  of  National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture .
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana Organic farming is promoted through the adoption of the organic village by cluster approach .
50 or more farmers will form a cluster having 50-acre land to take up  organic farming .
The produce will be pesticide residue free and will contribute to improving the health of the consumer.
It will contribute to improving the soil fertility also.
It will increase the income of the farmers by marketing the produce.
 
Happy cities summit
 
 The  Happy Cities Summit 2018   held at Andhra Pradesh.

Details:
The first ‘Happy Cities Summit: Amaravati 2018’ is a unique event bringing the best of minds in urban innovation across the world.
It will be centered on the foundational principles of  Citizen-centric governance, Liveable Communities, Clean & Healthy Environment.
Aim of the summit is to evolve a framework for measuring the city happiness as well as a declaration and set of principles for guiding policy and action in the development of happy cities.
Various Stakeholders attending the summit will discuss and share best practices, innovations and ideas for enhancing societal happiness in the cities.