Current Affairs 24th January, 2019

PAPER -1 AND PAPER - 2

    Topics Covered

    1. Women Empowerment

    2. Governmental Intervention in protecting the vulnerable sections of the Society

National Girl Child Day

http://www.ddinews.gov.in/sites/default/files/website24.jpg

What to read?

Prelims – About the Day

Mains – Steps taken by the Government to protect the Girl Children.

The Women & Child Development Ministry will celebrate National Girl Child Day (NGCD) today, the 24th January, 2019 at Pravasi Bharti Kendra, New Delhi.

The programme will also observe anniversary of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme.

Theme - The theme of this NGCD is “Empowering Girls for a Brighter Tomorrow

Objectives

1. Generating awareness on the issue of declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and

2. Create a positive environment around valuing the girl child.

Other Activities

A booklet on “Innovations under BBBP” will also be released on the occasion. The Ministry has compiled 38 Innovative Activities from Districts across the country to set an example for other Districts. These interventions have been categorized according to five themes, which are SurvivalProtectionEducation,Participation and Valuing Girls.

Steps taken by government to protect girl Children

India is infamous for its gender inequality. However, with the modern world at the horizon, the Government is leaving no stone unturned for the upliftment of women.

Here is a list of the most noteworthy programs introduced by the Government of India in the last three years. Each one is thoughtfully crafted and covers a lot of ground towards the upliftment of women.

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  • Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao, meant for uplifting women in the sphere of women’s education

  • Sukanya Samriddhi Account, meant to help families’ save for their daughters

  • One Stop Centre scheme meant to offer easy access for women suffering from domestic abuse or violence, and needing support

  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana meant to offer free LPG connections to women living below poverty line

  • Mahila Haat meant to support women entrepreneurs and women self help groups

  • Rajiv Gandhi National Crèche Scheme for Children of Working Mothers meant to provide affordable daycare services to working women

  • Maternity Benefit Scheme meant for pregnant women and lactating mothers

  • Women’s Helpline 1091 meant to provide emergency assistance to women in trouble, especially those facing violence of any kind

Probable Mains Question

Enumerate the steps taken by Government of India in protecting its girl Children. Despite these evaluate how gender inequality gives a poor glimpse on India.


PAPER – 2

    Topics Covered

    1. Polity

    2. Judiciary

New Draft Guidelines of Supreme Court

Image result for • New norms had been settled by which urgent cases would automatically come up before a Bench for hearing.

What to read?

Prelims and Mains – Draft guidelines, How it could help hearing important cases without time delay

The Supreme Court is drafting new guidelines that would help ensure that urgent cases automatically come up before a Bench for hearing within four days of their being filed, obviating the need for lawyers to appear before the Chief Justice of India to orally mention their cases for urgent listing.

Benefits of the draft Guidelines

  • New norms had been settled by which urgent cases would automatically come up before a Bench for hearing.

  • Judiciary is trying to get rid of urgent mentioning before the court, which unnecessarily takes away time.

Additional Check

  •  If such cases did not come up for hearing, the lawyers concerned could make a mention before the Registrar to have their cases listed.

Note - Oral mentioning is a convention by which lawyers circumvent the long-winded filing procedures and make a direct appeal to the CJI, who is the court’s administrative head and master of the roster, for early hearing.


PAPER – 2 and PAPER - 3

    Topics Covered

    1. Governance

    2. Governmental Intervention in protecting the vulnerable sections of the Society

    3. Indian Economy

Roshini App to aid visually Impaired

Image result for Roshini App to aid visually Impaired

What to read?

Prelims and Mains – About the app and Other Steps taken by India for the aid of Visually Impaired people

  • In a bid to assist visually impaired people to easily determine denomination of currency notes, the Indian Institute of Technology at Ropar in Punjab has developed an Android App “Roshni”, using image processing and analytics.

  • ‘Roshni’ is the first Android App that works successfully with new currency notes that were released after demonetisation and it works well in broad range of light conditions and holding angles.

How does it work?

  • This App utilises an adaptable deep learning framework, which further uses the patterns and features embedded on the notes to differentiate and determine the currency denomination.

  • IPSA (Image processing, Security and Analytics) lab prepared a rich dataset of more than 13,000 images of currency notes under varied real-world conditions.

  • The user has to bring the currency note in front of phone camera and the App would provide audio notification intimating the currency note denomination to the user.

Other such App

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  • The Seeing AI App by Microsoft is the only other App that facilitates recognition of both old and new Indian currency notes, but it is an iOS App and not available for school for visually impaired recently and performed the App testing there.

PAPER – 3

    Topics Covered

    1. Defence

Sea Vigil

Image result for Sea Vigil

What to read?

Prelims – About the Naval Exercise

The first coastal defence Exercise Sea Vigil, conducted by the Navy and Coast Guard, in close coordination with State Governments and Union Territories concluded on 23 Jan 2019.

Objective

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  • to ascertain the preparedness of stakeholders to deal with contingencies and

  • strengthen coastal security network in Kerala and Mahe coasts

  • It was the largest such exercise the country had ever witnessed in recent times and saw participation by more than 100 ships, aircraft and patrol boats manned and operated by various security agencies

Significance of the Vigilance

  • Sea Vigil that lasted for over two days, including the mobilisation phase, witnessed a high tempo of operations by all agencies and large-scale deployment of forces

  • All operational centres of the Navy and Coast Guard and control rooms of Police and Kochi Port were fully activated and exchanged information with each other.

  • During the exercise, multi-agency teams also evaluated the security set up implemented by agencies including at fishing harbours, fish landing centres, police control rooms and ports amongst others.  

  • 2 phases of events went on with the first phase show cased the robustness of their own organisations

  • During the second phase, simulated attacks were carried out on vital installations and assets by infiltrating through the sea, in Kerala and Lakshadweep.

  • All infiltration attempts will be analysed promptly to identify gaps in the multi-tier security layers at sea, close to the land and also in the hinterland in close coordination with concerned stakeholders.

  • With active support from all stakeholders, such exercises further strengthen the overall security architecture and enhance confidence to thwart any misadventure by anti-national elements.  

Probable Mains Question

With active support from all stakeholders, how exercises further strengthen the overall security architecture and enhance confidence to thwart any misadventure by anti-national elements?


PAPER – 3 AND PAPER – 2

    Topics Covered

    1. Governance

    2. Indian Economy

National Bench on Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal

Image result for National bench on GSTAT

What to read?

Prelims and Mains – About GSTAT National bench and its importance

The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister has approved the creation of National Bench of the Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal (GSTAT).

  • The National Bench of the Appellate Tribunal shall be situated at New Delhi. GSTAT shall be presided over by the President and shall consist of one Technical Member (Centre) and one Technical Member (State)

  • Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal is the forum of second appeal in GST laws and the first common forum of dispute resolution between Centre and States.

  • The appeals against the orders in first appeals issued by the Appellate Authorities under the Central and State GST Acts lie before the GST Appellate Tribunal, which is common under the Central as well as State GST Acts.

  • Being a common forum, GST Appellate Tribunal will ensure that there is uniformity in redressal of disputes arising under GST, and therefore, in implementation of GST across the country.

Constitutional/ legal Backing

  • Chapter XVIII of the CGST Act provides for the Appeal and Review Mechanism for dispute resolution under the GST Regime.

  • Section 109 of this Chapter under CGST Act empowers the Central Government to constitute, on the recommendation of Council, by notification, with effect from such date as may be specified therein, an Appellate Tribunal known as the Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal for hearing appeals against the orders passed by the Appellate Authority or the Revisional Authority.

  • Image result for National bench on GSTAT

Expenditure

  • The creation of the National Bench of the GSTAT would amount to one time expenditure of Rs.92.50 lakh while the recurring expenditure would be Rs.6.86 crore per annum.