Current Affairs 27th February, 2019

PAPER – 1 and PAPER -4

Topics Covered

1. Art and Literature

2. Religious texts

3. Applied Ethics

Astounding Bhagavad Gita

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What to read?

Prelims – About the book , About Bhagavad Gita

Mains – Role of Bhagavad Gita in Administration

The Prime Minister inaugurated the world's largest and heaviest Bhagavad Gita at the Delhi ISKCON temple.

  • The holy book measures  2.8 meters by 2 meters has 670 pages and weights at 800 kg. It is also the world's largest sacred book.

  • With an artistic touch of 18 exquisite paintings and an innovative elegant layout, the book has been printed in Milan, Italy, on YUPO synthetic paper so as to make it tear proof and waterproof.

Bhagavad Gita

  • The Bhagavad Gita, often referred to as the Gita, is a 700-verse Sanskrit scripture that is part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata.

  • The Gita is set in a narrative framework of a dialogue between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide and charioteer Krishna.

Role of Bhagavad Gita in Administration

The Gita's call for selfless action inspired many leaders of the Indian independence movement including Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Mahatma Gandhi; the latter referred to it as his "spiritual dictionary".

  • Dharma - Arjuna was a great warrior and Krishna asked him to utilise his strength of warriorhood to protect the weak and thus to fight for the betterment of his people, to fight on the grounds of noble principles. That is one’s dharma.

  • Yajna - means not only sacrifice, but it also means to “sacrifice” one’s abilities and works for the betterment of the system.

  • Sharing of the results towards the society/world is a dharma/responsibility of man, because he is a part of a greater system called the world and nature.


PAPER – 2 AND PAPER – 3

Topics Covered

1. India – Bilateral relation

2. Defence – India does not ‘escalation”

Balakot air strike

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What to read?

Prelims - PoK, Jammu and Kashmir and LoC

Mains – Militarily Response of India to Pulwama attack and World’s response for it

External Affairs Minister blamed Pakistan’s inaction against Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) — the international terror group responsible for the Pulwama attack — for triggering the strike by the Indian Air Force (IAF) across the Line of Control, and reiterated that New Delhi was averse to any escalation of tensions with Islamabad




PoK, Jammu and Kashmir and LoC

Image result for PoK, Jammu and Kashmir and LoC upsc     Image result for PoK, Jammu and Kashmir and LoC upsc

Note – LoC Vs. LAC

  • LOC stands for Line of Control. It defines the boundary separating parts of Kashmir controlled by India and Pakistan.

  • LAC stands for Line of Actual Control. It is also a boundary between India and China.

  • LOC is a demarcated border marked by the militaries.

  • On the other hand, LAC is not demarcated and consists of a vast empty space.

In 1972, after the Simla Agreement, the two ends agreed for Line of Control. But still, this issue remains a sensitive one and many times have been an issue of war between India and Pakistan.

India’s Blakot attack in response to Pulwama attack

No military installations were targeted. The limited objective of the pre-emptive strike was to act decisively against the terrorist infrastructure of the JeM in order to pre-empt another terrorist attack in India.

Response given by world countries

  • China - Despite India’s ongoing tensions with Pakistan, the China pointed to Beijing’s intent to pursue with the “Wuhan spirit”- to reboot India-China ties.

Chinese government had responded cautiously to Indian air strikes across the Line of Control (LoC) — criticising New Delhi for taking unilateral action, but also urging both India and Pakistan to improve their ties.

  • U.S.A - U.S. Secretary of State he spoke to Pakistan Foreign Minister on the topic of taking “meaningful action” against terrorist groups operating on Pakistan soil, following an air strike by India inside Pakistan. It urges India and Pakistan to de-escalate tensions and avoid further military action.

  • France – It recognised India’s legitimacy to ensure its security against cross-border terrorism and asks Pakistan to put an end to operations of terrorist groups established on its territory

  • U.K - The British government called on India and Pakistan to pursue diplomatic solutions.

  • OIS -  Organisation of Islamic Cooperation condemned “the Indian incursion and aerial violation.”

PAPER – 2 AND PAPER – 3

Topics Covered

1. India – Pakistan relationship

2. Defence and Counter terrorism

Why IAF chose Mirage 2000 to carry out strike inside Pakistan?

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Prelims and Mains –  About Mirage 2000 fighter jets and Why is it preferred for recent attack against JeM?

A fleet of Mirage 2000 deep-penetration fighter jets assisted by other assets of the Indian Air Force carried out the pre-dawn strike on the biggest terror camp of the Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) terror outfit in Pakistan.

Mirage 2000

  • India currently has around three squadrons of Mirage 2000 fighter jets manufactured by French aerospace major Dassault Aviation. The squadrons are based in Gwalior.

  • The Mirage 2000 is a French multi-role, single-engine fighter jet which is capable of dropping a range of bombs and missiles including laser-guided bombs.

  • India had inducted the Mirage jets around 30 years back and they are being upgraded at a cost of around Rs 20,000 crore.

Why Mirage 2000 in attack now?

  • The Mirage 2000 multi-role aircraft was chosen for the strike for its capability to hit targets with "pin-point" accuracy.

  • The Mirage 2000s are fitted with Thales RDY 2 radar which can strike at targets with 100 per cent accuracy.

  • The aircraft was preferred as it is capable of long-range engagement of targets and the assessment was that it can record 100 per cent success rate.

Paper- 2

Topics Covered

1. Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Islamic Cooperation countries (OIC)

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What to read?

Prelims - About IOC

Mains - India’s involvement in the organization, need, significance and challenges.

In a 1st, India invited to OIC meet as ‘guest of honour’.

Background

Image result for Islamic Cooperation countries (OIC)

India has never been invited to the OIC before and the latest development, coming at a time when the India-Pakistan tension is running high, is being seen as a diplomatic success.

About the OIC

  • Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states.

  • It is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations.

  • The organisation states that it is “the collective voice of the Muslim world” and works to “safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony“.

  • The OIC has permanent delegations to the United Nations and the European Union.


PAPER – 3

Topics Covered

1. Agriculture

2. Science and Technology

Central Genomics and Quality Laboratory facility

What to read?

Prelims – About CGQL of ICAR and CR Dhan 310 , CR Dhan 311

Mains – Role of NRRI in Indian Agriculture

Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare inaugurated Central Genomics and Quality Laboratory facility at ICAR - National Rice Research Institute (NRRI) in Cuttack.

CR Dhan 310 and 311 and CR Dhan 801 and 802

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For ensuring nutritional security, for the first time in the world, the NRRI recently released two high-protein rice varieties (CR Dhan 310, CR Dhan 311) and two climate-smart varieties (CR Dhan 801 and CR Dhan 802), which are tolerant to both submergence and drought and few biotic stresses to face the challenges of climate change.

Significance of CGQL

Central Genomics and Quality Laboratory facility will help farmers in analyzing the quality of soil, water and produce

Role of NRRI in agricultural development in India

Image result for Bringing Green Revolution in Eastern India (BGREI) programme

  • Since its inception in 1946, the Institute contributed immensely in country's Green Revolution and steered groundbreaking research in development of high-yield rice varieties thereby helping achieve self-sufficiency in rice production.

  • The Institute is working on developing and popularizing super-yielding varieties and agro-technologies for higher productivity, profitability, climate resilience and sustainability of rice farming.

  • NRRI is the nodal agency for planning, implementation and monitoring of Bringing Green Revolution in Eastern India (BGREI) programme which is being implemented in 118 districts of seven Eastern states.

  • With its implementation, more than 25% of yield increase has been recorded in the states of Assam, Bihar and Chhatisgarh, whereas 12-15% yield increase has been reported in Odisha, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Eastern UP.

Note - NRRI has developed a Mobile App ‘riceXpert’ which is helping in providing information to farmers in real time besides facilitating the flow of information from scientist to farmers.


PAPER – 3

Topics Covered

1. Defence

Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile

Image result for Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile

What to read?

Prelims – About the Missile and its features

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test fired indigenously developed Quick Reach Surface-to-Air missiles (QRSAM) from ITR Chandipur, off the Odisha Coast.

Significance of the testfire

The two missiles were tested for different altitude and conditions. The test flights successfully demonstrated the robust Control, Aerodynamics, Propulsion, Structural performance and high manoeuvring capabilities thus proving the design configuration.

Significance of QRSAM

The indigenously developed state-of-the-art QRSAM will significantly boost the defence capabilities of our armed forces.


PAPER – 3

Topics Covered

1. Military Exercise

Sampriti 2019

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What to read?

Prelims – About the Exercise and its Significance

As part of the ongoing India Bangladesh defence cooperation, a joint military exercise Sampriti-2019 will be conducted at Tangail, Bangladesh from 02 March to 15 March 2019.

Significance

  • Exercise Sampriti-2019 is an important bilateral defence cooperation endeavour between India and Bangladesh and this will be the eighth edition of the exercise which is hosted alternately by both countries.

  • The exercise is aimed to strengthen and broaden the aspects of interoperability and cooperation between the Indian and Bangladesh Armies.  The exercise will involve tactical level operations in a counter insurgency and counter terrorism environment under the UN mandate.

Important Note - In addition to understanding each other in tactical level operations, emphasis will also be laid for greater cultural understanding to strengthen military trust and cooperation between the two nations.