Current Affairs 29th January, 2019

PAPER – 1 AND PAPER -2

Topics Covered

1. Art and Culture

2. Governance – Schemes / Initiatives

Bharat Parv 2019

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What to read?

Prelims – about Bharat Parv

Mains – Its significance in strengthening the Unity in Diversity

Bharat Parv is a five day event hosted as part of Republic Day celebrations. Bharat Parv organised at Red Fort, Delhi aims to generate a patriotic fervour and promote the rich cultural diversity of the country.

Attractions of Bharat Parv Bharat Parv showcases the spirit of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat. The important attractions of Bharat Parv are:

  • Replica of the Statue of Unity

  • Gandhi Gram in which 10 painting artists will create paintings on the theme of Ideology of Mahatma Gandhi.

  • Display of Republic Day parade tableaux

  • Performances by the Armed Forces bands.

  • Theme based State Pavilions where each state showcases its strength along with its tourism products.

  • Daily cultural performances by North Zone Cultural Centre.

Bharat Parv has been organised by Ministry of Tourism in collaboration with other Central Ministries

New initiative in this Bharat Parv 2019

  • The Ministry of Tourism for the first time has set up a Digital Showcase booth in the Parv showcasing various Digital initiatives like Incredible India website, Mobile App, Virtual Reality views of Indian destinations and attractions to promote Indian destinations.

  • The Incredible India Digital Showcase booth has been set up by the Ministry in partnership with Google Arts and Culture for its VR walkthroughs and other content.




PAPER – 1

Topics Covered

1. Art and Culture – Dance Forms

Folk dance tableaux in Republic Day Celebration

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What to read?

Prelims – Dance form and the State

The Vice President witnessed folk and classical dances presented by Tableaux Artists who participated in Republic Day Parade from 10 States.

  • Karakattam – Tamil Nadu

  • Takaala Folk - Maharastra

  • Monpa – Arunachal Pradesh

  • Satoiya Nitya – Assam

  • Tamang Setu – Sikkim

  • Mamika folk – Tripura

  • Fusim Dance – Jammu and Kashmir

  • Misra Raas – Gurajat

  • Hudka Chudda – Uttarkhand

  • Bhangra – Punjab


PAPER – 1, 2 AND PAPER – 3

Topics Covered

1. Indian History

2. Governance – Schemes

3. Agriculture

Kisan Gandhi of ICAR

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What to read?

Prelims – About ICAR, Kisan Gandhi

Mains –  Gandhi’s vision on Agriculture for India’s Prosperity

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) was awarded First Prize for its Tableau, ‘Kisan Gandhi’ in the Republic Day Parade – 2019

The ICAR tableau displayed the importance of dairy farming, use of indigenous breeds and livestock based organic agriculture for rural prosperity.

In the tableau, Bapu was shown with goats and a cow. Organic agriculture, revolution in cotton and milk production and food safety analysis for better health were also showcased. Kasturba Gandhi was also shown engaged with Charkha and caring for animals at Bapu Kuti at Wardha Ashram. It symbolized livestock based sustainable and climate resilient agriculture.

ICAR

  • The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.

  • The Council is the apex body for coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country. With 97 ICAR institutes and 45 agricultural universities spread across the country this is one of the largest national agricultural systems in the world.

  • Formerly known as Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, it was established on 16 July 1929 as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in pursuance of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture.

  • The ICAR has its headquarters at New Delhi.

The Council is the apex body for coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country.

Union Minister of Agriculture is the ex-officio President of the ICAR Society

Gandhi’s vision in Agriculture and Rural Prosperity

Image result for Kisan Gandhi of ICAR

The ICAR tableau “Kisan Gandhi” portrayed the Gandhiji’s vision to improve agriculture and livestock for the prosperity of rural communities. To gain more insight, he attended a training program on dairy farming for fifteen days in 1927 at Bangalore Centre of the ICAR - National Dairy Research Institute. He also visited and appreciated the 'Indore method' of composting at the Institute of Plant Industry, Indore in 1935.

The Gandhian philosophy included promotion of Swadeshi breeds, organic agriculture and goat milk for better health. In order to realize Gandhi's dream, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research is relentlessly working towards transforming the Indian Agriculture for ensuring livelihood security and higher income of our Annadata, the farmers. By developing and deploying  cutting edge science and technology, India has succeeded in achieving food self-sufficiency and remains the highest milk and cotton producer in the world.


PAPER – 2 and 3

Topics Covered

1. Issues and Mangement related to Human Developmet sector

2. Agriculture

‘National Agricultural Higher Education project’

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What to read?

Prelims and Mains – IARI ,About NAHEP and its Importance

The second Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) of the country established in Barahi, Jharkhand on the lines of IARI, Pusa at New Delhi and another one is being set up in Assam.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) launches National Agricultural Higher Education Project (NAHEP) to attract talent and strengthen higher agricultural education in the country

NAHEP

  • ICAR has recently launched Rs 1100 crore ambitious National Agricultural Higher Education Project (NAHEP) to attract talent and strengthen higher agricultural education in the country.

  • This project will be funded by the World Bank and the Indian Government on a 50:50 basis.

  • In addition, a four year degree in Agriculture, Horticulture, Fisheries and Forestry has been declared a professional degree.

Initiatives in  East and North East India

Rajendra Agriculture University has been upgraded as Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University to strengthen the government’s effort to bring green revolution in Eastern India including North East.

Student READY Scheme (Rural Entrepreneurship Awareness Development Yojana)

  • It is to promote the participation of students in agricultural business

  • Practical experience of agriculture and entrepreneurship is provided to undergraduate students.

Skill Development in Agriculture

  • A MoU has been signed between the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare and the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship to promote skill development in the field of agriculture.

  • Under this, skill development training programs are being organized regularly in KVKs across the country.

Significance of such efforts by the Government

Skilled human resources in agriculture must become the basis of agricultural advancement and in view of this, the Central government has given special emphasis on the upliftment of agricultural education.

Note on IARI

Image result for green revolution and IARI

  • IARI is a India’s premier national Institute for agricultural research and postgraduate higher studies in agricultural education. The IARI is financed and administered by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). The IARI is credited for the research leading to the Green Revolution in India.

  • The institute had its beginning in 1905 as Agricultural Research Institute (ARI) at Pusa, Bihar. In 1936 the institute got shifted and its new campus at New Delhi was established.

Paper – 3

Topics Covered

1. Conservation of the Environment

India’s Big Cat Capacity Management – A Challenge

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What to read?

Prelims – Big Cats, Global Tiger Forum, Tiger Census

Mains – India’s efforts in Doubling Tiger Population

As habitats shrink, the country is nearing its capacity to manage its tigers: experts

What are the 5 Big Cats in India?

  • Indian Lion

  • Bengal Tiger

  • Indian Leopard

  • Snow Leopard

  • Clouded Leopard

Global Tiger Forum

  • The GTF was formed in 1993 on recommendations from an international symposium on Tiger Conservation at New Delhi, India.


  • The first meeting of the Tiger Range countries to setup the forum was held in 1994, in which India was elected to the Chair and was asked to form an interim secretariat.


  • In 1997, the GTF became an independent organization. Bangladesh was Chair twice followed by Nepal. India was elected as Chair in March 2011, replaced by Bhutan in 2014.


Mission of GTF

  • The Global Tiger Forum (GTF) is the only inter- governmental international body established with members from willing countries to embark on a global campaign to protect the Tiger.


  • Utilizing co-operative policies, common approaches, technical expertise, scientific modules and other appropriate programmes and controls the GTF is focused on saving the remaining 5 sub-species of Tigers distributed over 13 Tiger Range countries of the world.


13 Tiger Range Countries

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Tiger Census in India

  • India’s tiger census has been commissioned by the union environment ministry’s National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) taken once in 4 yrs and the recent one yet to be published is of the year 2018.

  • The census will see coordination with Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh in estimating the territorial spread of the animal in the subcontinent.

  • The Wildlife Institute of India, a Union Environment Ministry-funded body, has been tasked with coordinating the tiger estimation exercise.

  • Along with tigers, the survey also collects information on the prey population of deer and other animals.

  • The techniques used to estimate tiger population are Pugmark Technique, camera trapping and DNA finger-printing .

Concern of India’s programme on TX2 by 2022

Issue Background - While conservation efforts are aimed at increasing the tiger count in India, global experts and officials in the government suggest that India must also prepare for a new challenge — of reaching the limits of its management capacity.

  • 25-35% of India’s tigers now lived outside protected reserves.

  • With Dwindling core forests as well as the shrinking of tiger corridors there were several challenges — alongside the traditional challenges of poaching and man-animal conflict — to India’s success at tiger conservation.

  • Translocating tigers to unpopulated reserves, such as Satkosia in Orissa, have ended badly, with one of the tigers dying.

  • Huge amount of money is being dumped repeatedly on the same 25,000-30,000 sq. km area where tigers are already at saturation densities, while other areas with potential for future recovery are starved of key investments

Measures to be taken

  • Overall, given the low availability of prey in some reserves, this is the capacity that can be supported.

  • However, there are vast tracts of potential tiger habitat that can be used to improve prey density, develop tiger corridors and therefore support a much larger population

India’s track record so far in Tiger Conservation

The once-in-four-years exercise calculated, in 2006, that India had only 1,411 tigers. This rose to 1,706 in 2010 and 2,226 in 2014 on the back of improved conservation measures and new estimation methods.