Current Affairs 9th April, 2019

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1. IIT-Madras tops Centre’s higher education rankings

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IIT-Madras has topped the Centre’s ranking of higher education institutions, followed by the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, and IIT-Delhi. Seven IITs appear in the top 10 list of the National Institution Ranking Framework (NIRF) for 2019.

National Institution Ranking Framework (NIRF)

  • The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) was approved by the MHRD and launched in 2015.

  • The framework outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country.

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  • The parameters broadly cover -

  • Teaching, Learning and Resources

  • Research and Professional Practices

  • Graduation Outcomes

  • Outreach and Inclusivity

  • Perception

  • The 2018 exercise newly added the disciplines of law, medicine and architecture.

 

2. Army gets Dhanush artillery guns

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The Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) handed over the first batch of six Dhanush artillery guns to the Army.

Dhanush artillery gun

  • Dhanush is a 155mm x 45mm calibre artillery gun and is also called the “desi Bofors”

  • It has a strike range of 38 kilometres and 81 percent of its components are indigenously sourced

  • It has features like electronic gun-laying and sighting systems

  • The gun has passed tests under severe cold conditions in Sikkim and Leh and in hot and humid weather in Balasore, Odisha, Babina in Jhansi and in the desert of Pokhran in Rajasthan

  • The gun has been developed by the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), Kolkata

  • It is manufactured by the Jabalpur-based Gun Carriage Factory (GCF)

 

3. International Convention on World Homoeopathy Day

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A two day convention is being organised on 9-10th April 2019 by the Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH) on the occasion of the World Homoeopathy Day.

Homoeopathy

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  • Homoeopathy was discovered by a German Physician, Dr.Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), in the late eighteenth century.

  • It is a therapeutic system of medicine premised on the principle, “Similia Similibus Curentur” or ‘let likes be treated by likes'.

  • It is a method of treatment for curing the patient by medicines that possess the power of producing similar symptoms in a healthy human being simulating the natural disease, which it can cure in the diseased person.

  • The World Homoeopathy day is observed to commemorate the birth anniversary of the founder of Homoeopathy, Dr.Christian Fredrich Samuel Hahnemann.

Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH)

  • Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH) is an apex research organization under Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India which undertakes, coordinates, develops, disseminates and promotes scientific research in Homoeopathy.

  • The Headquarters of the Council are situated in New Delhi and multi-centric research is conducted through a network of 26 institutes/units all over India.

 

4. Service Voters Play Important Role in Close Contests in Election

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As per the data sourced from the ECI website, this year a total of 16,62,993 service voters are enrolled in the country, in comparison to the figure of 13,27,627 in 2014.

Service Voter

Service voter is a voter having service qualification. According to the provisions of sub – section (8) of Section 20 of Representation of People Act, 1950, service qualification means:

  • Being a member of the armed Forces of the Union ; or

  • Being a member of a force to which provisions of the Army Act, 1950 (46 of 1950), have been made applicable whether with or without modification ;

  • Being a member of an Armed Police Force of a State, and serving outside that state; or

  • Being a person who is employed under the Government of India, in a post outside India.

Proxy voting

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  • A service voter may appoint (by applying to Returning Officer in Form 13 F of Conduct of Elections Rules, 1961 – Form available at the website of Election Commission) any person as his / her proxy to give vote on his / her behalf and in his / her name at the polling station.

  • The proxy shall have to be ordinary resident of that constituency. He need not be a registered voter but he / she must not be disqualified to be registered as a voter.

  • The provision for voting through proxy is valid till the person making the appointment is a service voter.


 

5. New President for World Bank

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David Malpass has been appointed as the President of World Bank. He was nominated by the US president Donald Trump.

 

Appointment of the President of World Bank

As per the guidelines of the World Bank, the World Bank president must have:

  • A proven track record of leadership.

  • Experience managing large organizations with international exposure, and a familiarity with the public sector.

  • Ability to articulate a clear vision of the Bank’s development mission.

  • A firm commitment to and appreciation for multilateral cooperation.

  • Effective and diplomatic communication skills, impartiality, and objectivity.

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Nomination

  • Executive directors of the World Bank can nominate candidates for the post and the candidate must be citizens of one of the bank’s member countries and cannot be a bank governor, executive director or alternate.

  • If there are more than three candidates, there would be a shortlisting process to narrow the field through an informal straw poll.

  • Then the shortlisted candidates will be interviewed by the board. The board will then make a final selection through a majority vote.