Current Affairs, 14 April 2018

Prelims       
e-Box for children
 
GS 2 e-governance- applications, Welfare schemes for the vulnerable section.

Details:
To provide the children with the information regarding the possible modes of protection or complaints regarding child sex abuse the National Council of Educational Research and Training has published the information regarding Child line (1098) 24×7 Helpline for children and POCSO e-box on the back side of the front cover of all course books from Class 6 to Class 12.

About e- Box:
Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO), e-Box, is an online complaint management system for easy reporting of sexual offences against children and timely action against the offenders under the POCSO Act, 2012.
e-Box is simple to operate and will help to maintain the confidentiality of the complaint.

Need for e-Box:

  • Sexual offences against children are on the rise but only a small percentage gets reported.
  • The child victim in such cases generally does not report these offences out of fear. Sexual abuse affects the psyche of the child for entire life.
  • A child who is sexually abused will develop problems with inter personal development and other aspects of social life.
About POCSO Act:

POCSO Act, 2012 was enacted to protect children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography, while safeguarding the interest of the child at every stage of the judicial process.
It includes child friendly mechanisms for reporting, investigation and speedy trial of offences through designated Special Courts that are child friendly.
Any human being up to the age of 18 years is recognised as a child under the POCSO Act.
 
AIIB- Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
 
GS 2 Important International institutions, agencies their structure, mandates.

Details:
India has become the largest beneficiary of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank,
In the first two years of its existence, the AIIB provided $4.3bn worth of money for infrastructure projects around Asia and over $1bn worth of which is for the schemes in India.

AIIB:
It was established as a new multilateral financial institution aimed at providing financial support for infrastructure development and regional connectivity in Asia.
            It was formed in 2014 with its headquarters in Beijing.
It envisages to boost economic development in the region, provide infrastructure, and promote regional cooperation and partnership.

Pattern of contribution:
The authorized capital of AIIB is $100 billion where $30 billion invested by China.
India is one of the founding members of AIIB and it is the second largest contributor in AIIB.

Decision Making:
Board of Governors is the highest decision making body.
It has one Governor and one Alternate Governor appointed by each member country.

International Advisory Panel:
International Advisory Panel was constituted to support the President and Senior Management on the Bank’s strategies and policies as well as on general operational issues.
 
Significance:
AIIB is seen as an alternative to World bank and IMF. It is mainly concerned with the financial needs of the developing countries.
 
IMT Trilateral Highway
 
GS 3Infrastructure, GS 2 Important International institutions

Details
India-Myanmar-Thailand (IMT) Trilateral which is 1000 km long is an agreement between National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) and joint-venture (JV) between Punj Lloyd and Varaha Infra to upgrade the Yagyi-Kalewa section of the India-Myanmar Friendship Road in Myanmar.
The project has been funded by Ministry of External Affairs.

About IMT:
This Highway will run from Moreh in Manipur to Mae Sot in Thailand via Myanmar.
The highway will facilitate easy movement of goods and people among the three countries.

Significance:

  • It will facilitate greater flows of trade and investment.
  •  It will also aid in the movement of goods and people, creating jobs, promoting tourism as well as raising the livelihoods of the people in the region.
Benefits for India:
  • It will help in improving the connectivity between India’s North eastern part and Southeast Asia.
  • It will act as a facilitator for India’s “Act-East Policy.”
  • IMT will improve India’s connectivity with Myanmar and Thailand.
  • Northeast India has been lagging behind other parts of the country when it comes to infrastructure. IMT will help closing this deficit.
NHAI:
The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is an autonomous agency responsible for management of a network of over 70,000 km of National Highways in India.
            It is a nodal agency of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.
The NHAI is a statutory body created by National Highways Authority of India Act, 1988


April RAM's IAS CURRENT AFFAIRS – 2018